GENDER EGALITARIANISM IN THE FAMILY FROM AN ISLAMIC PERSPECTIVE: CASE STUDY OF FEMALE BREADWINNER IN MALANG

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Naylul 'Izzah Walkaromah
Siti Khomairoh
Sabrina Rezky Metiana

Abstract

Contemporary socio-economic developments in society have led to an increasing number of women becoming female breadwinners. Transformations in education and the labor market have resulted in many women earning more than their partners and becoming the main breadwinners in the household. These social facts contradict traditional Islamic religious structures and narratives that tend to be patriarchal. Various verses and hadith are used as legitimization to justify the traditional notion that the public sphere is masculine while the private sphere is feminist. The increase in wives who act as breadwinners for their families is spread across several regions, including in Malang City. Based on the Central Bureau of Statistics of Malang City, there are many mothers/wives who take part in earning family income to meet economic needs. This research aims to review three discussions; identification of female breadwinner families in Malang City, inversion of the role of female breadwinner families in Malang City, discourse of female breadwinners in Islamic law. The type of research used is a qualitative model. Respondents were drawn using snowball sampling technique and data processing using content analysis. Based on the answers obtained from 30 respondents, the results show that the educational background of husband/wife affects the type of work and career path. Female breadwinner families in Malang City are classified into three types; (a) pure female breadwinner as much as 10%, (b) equal female breadwinner as much as 80%, (c) one-half female breadwinner as much as 10%. Husbands are able to replace some of their wives' roles and take care of housework optimally. Couples in female breadwinner families in Malang City have succeeded in building assertive communication and good parenting so that family harmony is maintained. In response to this phenomenon, Islamic law provides leeway for female breadwinners to work, especially in order to fulfill family needs in order to maintain the integrity of the household. In addition, analysis of historical facts shows that women during the Prophet's time became figures in contributing to earning a living.

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How to Cite
Walkaromah N. ’., KhomairohS., & MetianaS. R. (2024). GENDER EGALITARIANISM IN THE FAMILY FROM AN ISLAMIC PERSPECTIVE: CASE STUDY OF FEMALE BREADWINNER IN MALANG . Proceedings of International Conference on Islamic Civilization and Humanities, 2, 364-391. Retrieved from https://proceedings.uinsa.ac.id/index.php/iconfahum/article/view/1815
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