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Submission Preparation Checklist

As part of the submission process, authors are required to check off their submission's compliance with all of the following items, and submissions may be returned to authors that do not adhere to these guidelines.
  • The submission has not been previously published, nor is it before another journal for consideration (or an explanation has been provided in Comments to the Editor).
  • The submission file is in OpenOffice, Microsoft Word, or RTF document file format.
  • Where available, URLs for the references have been provided.
  • The text is single-spaced; uses a 12-point font; employs italics, rather than underlining (except with URL addresses); and all illustrations, figures, and tables are placed within the text at the appropriate points, rather than at the end.
  • The text adheres to the stylistic and bibliographic requirements outlined in the Author Guidelines.

Author Guidelines

The following guidelines for prospective authors apply:

  1. Each manuscript should begin with 200-250 words abstract of its content.
  2. Articles should be approximately 6000 words long; however, both shorter and longer manuscripts will be considered.
  3. Articles could be based on either conceptual or empirical research findings.
  4. Manuscripts should be submitted for consideration by email attachment; Microsoft Word is preferred.
  5. References should be numbered in the form of APA style in-text citations (Author’s Name, year).
  6. Footnotes are used optionally for additional information, but not for referencing.
  7. Unless otherwise indicated earlier, abbreviations should be avoided. Titles of journals should be written out in full.
  8. The reference follows APA format:
  • Name, Author (2009). This is an example of APA style. New York, NY: St Martin's Press.
  • Ahlstrom, D. (2020). Time for China to Accept It Is No Longer a Developing Country. Retrieved November 19, 2020, from
  • Babbie, E. (2010). The Practice of Social Research, 12th edition. Belmont, CA: Wadsworth Cengage Learning.
  • Cox, B, & Philpott, D. (2003). “Faith-Based Diplomacy: An Ancient Idea Newly Emergent”. The Brandywine Review of Faith & International Affairs, Vol.1 No.2.
  • Easton, B. (2008). Does poverty affect health? In K. Dew & A. Matheson (Eds.), Understanding health inequalities in Aotearoa New Zealand (pp. 97-106). Dunedin, New Zealand: Otago University Press.
  • Flesch, R. (n.d.). How to write plain English. Retrieved April 12, 2009, from /writing/flesch.shtml
  • Global warming. (2009, June 1). Retrieved June 4, 2009, from
  • Li, S., & Seale, C. (2007). Learning to do qualitative data analysis: An observational study of doctoral work. Qualitative Health Research, 17, 1442–1452. 
  1. All article manuscripts will be peer-reviewed by qualified academics in the field; this is a process that may take weeks or months.
  2. Manuscripts may be edited for style prior to publication.

Authors should be willing to respond to questions from readers of their articles.

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